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Department of Neurology - Faculty

Terry Fife, MD Terry D. Fife, MD, FAAN
Associate Professor of Clinical Neurology
Vertigo and Ataxia Clinic, University Neurology Clinic
Director, Arizona Balance Center, Barrow Neurological Institute


  • BS: University of Arizona, 1982
  • MD: Texas A&M College of Medicince, 1986
  • Residency (Internal Medicine): University of California at Davis, 1986-89
  • Residency (Neurology): UCLA, 1989-92
  • Fellowship (Neuro-Otology & Vestibular Neurophysiology): UCLA, 1992-93
  • Board Certification: Internal Medicine, American Board of Internal Medicine, 1989; Neurology, American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, 1994

Clinical/Research Interests:

CNS Causes of vertigo and imbalance, Evaluation of Nystagmus, Migraine Associated Vertigo, Phobic Dizziness, Mal de Debarquement, Meniere's disease, Motion Sickness, Positional Vertigo, Vestibular Rehabilitation, Gait disorders including Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus.

Contact Information:

University of Arizona Neurology Clinic
2800 East Ajo Way, Tucson, Arizona 85716
Telephone: (520) 874-2700
Fax: (520) 874-2701
Email: tfife@email.arizona.edu

Departmental contact: (520) 626-4551

Selected Publications (Abstracts):

  • Fife TD, Woods RP, Baloh RW, Mazziotta JC. Cerebellar blood flow measured with positron emission tomography (PET) during optokinetic stimulation (OKS). Neurology 1992;42 (Supplement 3):219.
  • Fife TD, Hutchinson M, Woods RP, Phelps ME, Mazziotta JC. Motor system hypermetabolism in Meige syndrome. Neurology 1993;43 (Suppl 2):409-410.
  • Fife TD, Day DL. Canalith repositioning for benign positional vertigo: outcome and recurrence rate. Journal of Vestibular Research 1996;6 (S4):S49.
  • Fife TD, Weisleder P. Central vertigo following stroke: a retrospective study of 21 patients. Neurology 1999;52(Supple 2): A30-31.
  • Day D, Fife TD. Tilt table testing in dizzy patients.Neurology 2000;53(Suppl 3):A168-9.
  • Fife TD, Day DL. Complex positional nystagmus: a manifestation of polycanalicular benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Neurology 2001 (Supple 2): A67.
  • Fife TD, Larson S, Robb MJ. Central Nystagmus Associated with Hashimotos Encephalopathy. Ann Neurol 2003;54(Suppl 7):S45-46.
  • Fife TD, Robb MJA, McElfresh C, Warren B. An open-label trial of memantine in the treatment of cerebellar degeneration: experience in 7 patients. Neurology 2006;66 (Suppl 2):A275.
  • Fife TD, Sirven J, Drazkowski J, Segebart SR, Noe KH, Qing W. Phenytoin Worsens Balance in Older People with Epilepsy. Neurology 2008;70(11)(Suppl 1):A77.
  • Fife TD, Griffin, CT, Hale TD, Day DL. Subjective Visual Vertical During Off-Center Rotations: A Clinical Test of Unilateral Utricular Function. American Neurotology Society Program, May 29, 2009, JW Marriott Desert Ridge Resort, Phoenix, AZ.

Selected Publications (Articles or Chapters):

  • Grafin von Einsiedel RW, Fife TD, Aksamit AJ, Cornford ME, Tomayasu U, Itabashi HH, Vinters HV. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in AIDS: review and 16 new cases. Journal of Neurology 1993;240:391-406.
  • Fife TD, Baloh RW. Disequilibrium of unknown cause in older people. Annals of Neurology 1993;34:694-702. n
  • Baloh RW, Jacobson K, Fife TD. Familial vestibulopathy: A new dominantly inherited syndrome. Neurology 1994;44:20-25.
  • Baloh RW, Fife TD, Zwerling L, Socotch T, Jacobson K, Bell T, Beykirch K. Comparison of static and dynamic posturography in young and older people. Journal of the American Geriatric Society 1994;42:405-412.
  • Fife TD, Baloh RW, Duckwiler GR. Isolated dizziness in vertebrobasilar insufficiency: clinical features, angiography, and follow-up. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease 1994;4:4-12.
  • Fife TD. Bedside cure of benign positional vertigo. Barrow Neurological Institute Quarterly 1994;10(3):1-7.
  • Continuum/Neurotology. American Academy of Neurology Continuing Medical Education Series. Co-faculty: Baloh RW (ed), Fife TD, Furman J, Zee D, American Academy of Neurology Press, Inc., 1996.
  • Fife TD, Baloh RW. Cerebellar ataxia syndromes. In: Baloh RW and Halmagyi GM, eds. Disorders of the Vestibular System. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996, 430-445.
  • Fife TD. Recognition and management of horizontal canal benign positional vertigo. American Journal of Otology 1998;19:345-51.
  • Mazziotta JC, Hutchinson M, Fife TD, Woods R. Advanced Neuroimaging Methods in the study of movement disorders: dystonia and blepharospasm. Dystonia 3: Advances in Neurology 1998;78:153-160.
  • Fife TD. Menieres Syndrome. Current Treatment Options in Neurology, 1999;1:57-67.
  • Fife, TD. Episodic Vertigo. In: Conns Current Therapy. Philadelphia: W.B.Saunders, 1999, 923-930.
  • Fife TD, Tusa RJ, Furman JM, Zee DS, Frohman E, Baloh RW, Hain T, Goebel J, Demer J, Eviatar L. Assessment: Vestibular testing techniques in adults and children: Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 2000;55:1431-41.
  • Shill HA, Fife TD. Valproic acid toxicity mimicking multiple system atrophy. Neurology 2000;55:1936-37.
  • Weisleder P, Fife TD. Dizziness and headache: a common association in children and adolescents. J Child Neurol 2001;16:727-730.
  • Fife TD. Clinical Features of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus. Barrow Quarterly 2003; 19(2):10-15.
  • Fife TD. Menieres Disease. In: Aminoff MJ, Daroff RB, eds. Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences. Academic Press, San Diego, 2003, Vol 3, 95-97.
  • Fife TD. Tinnitus. In: Aminoff MJ, Daroff RB, eds. Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences. Academic Press, San Diego, 2003, Vol 4, 541-544.
  • Fife TD, Sirven J. Antiepileptic drugs and their impact on balance. Aging Health 2005;1:1-8.
  • Sivakumar K, Fife TD. Autoimmune hearing loss in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. Neurology 2005;65:1673-4.
  • Fife TD, Blum D, Fisher RS. Measuring the effects of antiepileptic medications on balance in older people. Epilepsy Research 2006;70:103-9.
  • Sirven JI, Fife TD, Wingerchuk DM, Drazkowski JF. Second generation antiepileptic drugs' impact on balance: a meta-analysis. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 2007;82:40-47.
  • Fife TD, Iverson DJ, Lempert T, Furman J, Tusa RJ, Baloh RW, Hain TC, Herdman S, Morrow M, Gronseth G. Practice Parameter: Therapies for Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo: An Evidence-Based Review. Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 2008;70:2067-74.
  • Bhattarcharyya N, Baugh RF, Orvidas L, Barrs D, Bronston LJ, Cass S, Chalian AA, Desmond AL, Earll JM, Fife TD, Fuller DC, Judge JO, Mann NR, Orvidas L, Rosenfeld RM, Schuring LT, Steiner RWP, Whitney SL, Haidari J. Clinical practice guideline: Benign Paryxosmal Positional Vertigo. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 2008;139(5): S47-S81.
  • Fife TD. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Seminars in Neurology 2009;29(5): 500-508.
  • Fife TD. Migraine Associated Vertigo: A Common but Difficult-to-Define Disorder. Practical Neurology 2009;September:29-33.
  • Fife, TD. Episodic Vertigo. In: Rakel RE, Bope E, eds. Rakel & Bope: Conn's Current Therapy 2009. Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2009, pp 204-10.
  • Fife TD. Overview of anatomy and physiology of the vestibular system. In: Vertigo and Imbalance: Clinical Neurophysiology of the Vestibular System, Eggers SDZ, Zee DS eds. Handbook of Clinical Neurophysiology, eds. Daube JR, Mauguiere F., Elsevier (Amsterdam), 2010, Vol 9, Issue 2, pp 5-17.
  • Fife, TD. Meniere's Disease. In: Rakel RE, Bope E, eds. Rakel & Bope: Conn's Current Therapy 2011. Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2011 (in press).